TIPSI© | The Injury Prevention and Safety Initiative
The Injury Prevention and Safety Initiative (TIPSI©) is an initiative of the Emergency Medicine Kenya (EMK) Foundation that aims to ensure timely, accessible and quality lifesaving emergency care for all road traffic crash victims in Kenya.
Injury kills more people every year than HIV, TB and malaria combined, and the overwhelming majority of these deaths occurring low- and middle-income countries (WHO).
Several studies show a dramatic increase in RTIs over the last four decades: Between 1962 and 1998, RTIs increased 300% and RTI-related fatalities increased more than 400%.
Currently, 86.3 deaths per 100,000 in Kenya are attributable to injuries and 3,363 DALYs per 100,000 population are lost each year to injuries. Approximately 27.8 deaths per 100,000 are as a result of Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs). WHO estimates these to be approximately 13,463 deaths annually.
Post Crash Response
The proportion of patients who die before reaching the hospital in countries like Kenya is over twice that in high-income countries, suggesting that strengthening pre-hospital and emergency medical care systems could have an enormous impact on victims of road traffic crashes.
With the majority of trauma deaths occurring at the scene of injury and often prior to the arrival of an ambulance, community members who will regularly be the first on-scene, have the ability to take simple, yet potentially life-saving actions until professional help arrives or is reached.
The videos below demonstrate how to perform these simple steps that could potentially save the life or limb of on an injured individual.
CLICK HERE to download the info-graphic.
Trauma centres within an emergency medical care system have been shown to reduce trauma deaths by up to 15% and overall “preventable deaths” by up to 50%.(1) These are centres that should possess the resources necessary to provide comprehensive, timely, best-practice treatment to trauma. Along with reducing trauma associated mortality and morbidity, an established trauma centre network allows for clearer communication within an emergency medical care system and well-defined referral pathways. Awareness of dedicated trauma centres would allow victims of road traffic accidents and other trauma-related injuries to be taken directly to the facility best equipped to give them the highest standard of care and reduce care delays detrimental to both life and limb.
Accident Black Spots* & Public Trauma Centers in Kenya
The map below shows black spots or sections of roads with historically a high number of road traffic crashes in Kenya based on National Police Service Data and the nearest Public Emergency (Trauma) Centers based on our mapping project (PROJECT 47). Awareness of these dedicated Public Trauma Centres will allow victims of road traffic crashes and other trauma-related injuries to be taken directly to the public facility best equipped to give them the highest standard of care and reduce care delays which could lead to death or permanent disability.
*Based on the Northern Corridor and Nairobi Route Hazard Mapping – Driver’s Handbook – Developed by Safe Way Right Way and National Transport and Safety Authority [CLICK HERE]