An exacerbation of COPD is defined as an event characterized by dyspnea and/or cough and sputum that worsen over < 14 days. Exacerbations of COPD are often associated with increased local and systemic inflammation caused by airway infection, pollution, or other insults to the lungs.
PEP consists of the following steps: All bite wounds and scratches should be attended to as soon as possible after the exposure; thorough washing and flushing of the wound for approximately 15 minutes, with soap or detergent and copiousamounts of water, is required. Where available, an iodine-containing, or similarly viricidal, topicalpreparation should be applied to […]
The recommendation for an initial fluid bolus of 30 mL/kg was downgraded from a strong recommendation to a weak recommendation, based on the low quality of evidence. However, resuscitation should start immediately. Balanced crystalloid solution (e.g., lactated Ringer’s solution) should be used (rather than normal saline) for resuscitation. Administration of vasopressors should be initiated via […]
These consolidated guidelines for the prevention, control and management COVID-19 in Kenya provide updated recommendations for comprehensive prevention and case management strategies in Kenya. They cover infection prevention and control measures including the use of vaccines. They also target the diagnosis and case management of COVID-19.