Septic Arthritis and Arthrocentesis Landmarks

SYNOVIAL FLUID ANALYSIS

  • sWBC > 50,000 – essentially rules IN┬áseptic arthritis
  • sWBC < 50,000 – unhelpful for clinical diagnosis
  • Gram Stain: useful when positive, unhelpful when negative
  • Culture: not available when we need it in the ED
  • Lactate >10 – essentially rules IN┬áseptic arthritis

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EMKF

Emergency Medicine Kenya Foundation (EMKF) is a not-for-profit (NGO) public benefit organisation registered in Kenya