NOT CARDIAC: Causes of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema

N – near drowning
O – oxygen therapy / post intubation pulmonary edema
T – trauma / transfusion (TRALI – transfusion-related acute lung injury)

C – CNS – neurogenic pulmonary edema
A – allergic alveolitis
R – renal failure
D – drugs
I – inhalation (toxins)
A – altitude (HAPE – high-altitude pulmonary edema),
C – contusion


The Emergency Medicine Kenya (EMK) Foundation is a not-for-profit organization registered in Kenya in 2015 that aims to ensure timely, accessible and quality lifesaving emergency care in Kenya.