Non-Traumatic Monocular Vision Loss

There are multitude of causes of vision loss. This post focuses on the following pathologies:

  • Glaucoma – A group of diseases that have increased intraocular pressure (IOP), causing damage the optic nerve leading to decreased vision
  • Giant Cell Arteritis
  • Vitreous Detachment – Separation between the posterior vitreous cortex and the internal limiting membrane (ILM) of the retina (which is the most external portion of the retina).
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
  • Amaurosis Fugax – Sudden and transient visual loss or transient blurring or obscuration of vision, with a normal recovery of vision after the episode.


Emergency Medicine Kenya Foundation