Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids

Most acutely ill and injured children are managed within emergency departments that are not part of a children’s hospital. Difficulties in getting the right resources and training have been cited as barriers to providing the best possible care in these settings. This has resulted in variable levels of emergency care for children. TREKK is a knowledge mobilization network established to address these critical knowledge gaps and improve emergency care for children. 

Lack of first aid skills should not cost us any more lives, teach all

  • First Aid should be made compulsory in schools so that children are aware of what to do in case of emergencies.
  • Nurses, doctors and allied health workers must have CPR accreditation every year to continue with their practice.

2018 AHA PALS Update – Nothing New


The optimal sequence of PALS interventions, including administration of antiarrhythmic drugs during resuscitation, and the preferred manner and timing of drug administration in relation to shock delivery are still not known. One study reported a statistically significant improvement in return of spontaneous circulation when lidocaine administration was compared with amiodarone for pediatric ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia cardiac arrest. However, no difference in survival to hospital discharge was observed among patients who received amiodarone, lidocaine, or no antiarrhythmic medication.

All you need to know about emergency care in Kenya

Kakamega County Referral Hospital Emergency Department

The Ministry of Health in Kenya reported that in 2016, about 13,159 people were seriously injured on the road. It is not just road traffic accidents, but also tens of thousands others lose their lives due to other emergencies such as heart attacks, stroke, maternity cases such as the killer pregnancy-induced blood pressure and falls from buildings.

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) improves outcomes in patients with high-risk TIA or minor ischemic stroke

In patients with minor ischemic stroke or high-risk TIA, those who received a combination of clopidogrel and aspirin had a lower risk of major ischemic events but a higher risk of major haemorrhage at 90 days than those who received aspirin alone. However, the relative reduction in recurrent stroke occurred almost entirely during the first week, whereas bleeding events (most of which were not intracranial) were distributed fairly evenly throughout 90-day follow-up. Thus, it appears that one can maximize benefit and minimize harm by confining DAPT to just a few weeks 

Parental Guidance in the Pediatric ED

  • My Emergency Medicine training taught me the importance of “return precautions.”
    • Educate the patients/families about the warning signs of impending doom.
    • Essentially, “come back if things get worse.”
  • In the Pediatric ED (or during acute care related complaints), I find that the combination fo the two is helpful.
    • In the ED, we are seeing only a brief period of time of the illness process. 
      • At the time you are seeing the kid, there may be no obvious emergent danger or urgent condition warranting therapy… but… 
      • Anticipate the potential trajectories that may exist and educate about them.

Normal (Abnormal) Saline vs. Ringer’s Lactate

The choice of crystalloid fluid for volume resuscitation is debated often. With rising concern about the effect of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis associated with normal saline, clinicians more commonly are opting for balanced crystalloids, such as lactated Ringer’s solution or Plasma-Lyte.