Finger Injuries

  • Ligament and tendon injuries can be subtle and require high clinical suspicion and thorough exam
  • As with other orthopedic injuries, open injuries require emergency repair
  • Examination of the affected finger may be limited by pain. Consider regional anesthesia to ensure a thorough examination or, empirically treat
  • Appropriate ED management focuses on immobilization and timely orthopedic follow up – know which injuries require early consultation

 

Tranexamic Acid in PPH – WOMAN Trial

Death due to bleeding was significantly reduced in women given tranexamic acid (155 [1·5%] of 10 036 patients vs 191 [1·9%] of 9985 in the placebo group, risk ratio [RR] 0·81, 95% CI 0·65–1·00; p=0·045), especially in women given treatment within 3 h of giving birth (89 [1·2%] in the tranexamic acid group vs 127 [1·7%] in the placebo group, RR 0·69, 95% CI 0·52–0·91; p=0·008).

Post ROSC

System Action
Airway Intubate → Ventilation tidal volume @ 6-8 mL/kg
Place OG or NG tube
Confirm endotracheal and OG/NG tube placement with chest x-ray
Breathing SpO2 goal >94% → adjust PEEP & FiO2 to achieve goal
EtCO2 goal 30-40 mmHg → adjust respiratory rate to achieve
Circulation 12-lead ECG → Activate cardiac catheterization lab for STEMI; consult cardiology for all other patients
SBP goal >90 mmHg (MAP > 65 mmHg) → Use fluids, norepinephrine infusion, then epinephrine infusion to achieve goal
Place central line
Place arterial line
Perform point of care ultrasound with the cardiac, lung, and IVC views
Send labs, which includes an arterial blood gas and serum lactate
Place Foley catheter → Goal urine output 0.5-1 mL/kg/hr
Consider CT chest angiography to rule-out a pulmonary embolism
Disability Begin cooling → Goal temperature 32–36°C
Consider head CT

 

 

 

Quick-Wee

A clinician (or parent/carer with supervision) rubs the suprapubic area of the child ( 1-12 months) in a circular pattern with gauze soaked in cold saline held with forceps until clean catch urine sample is obtained.